Article in Press

Pulmonary Function in Prepubescent Boys: The Influence of Passive Smoking and Sports Training

AbstractIn this paper, we studied prepubescent boys (N = 75; 11.3 years ± 2 months) divided into three groups: two experimental groups and age-paired, non-systematically physically engaged controls (N = 25). The experimental groups consisted of 27 basketball players, and of 23 dinghy sailors. The pulmonary function was established measuring the large airway variables (inspiratory-vital-capacity, forced-vital-capacity, one-second-forced-expiratory-volume) and small airway variables (peak-expiratory-flow, and maximal-expiratory-flow after 50% and 75% exhalation). All...

Health-Related Fitness Knowledge of Middle School Students in Public and Private Schools

AbstractThe purpose of this study is to examine public and private middle school students’ levels of Health-Related Fitness Knowledge (HRFK) according to school type, gender, and grade. A cross-sectional survey method was applied in the research. A total of 334 public middle school students (nfemale =154 and nmale = 180) and 386 private middle school students (nfemale =187 and nmale = 199) participated in the survey. The data collection instrument...

Stature and Its Estimation Utilizing Arm Span Measurements in Male Adolescents from Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity in Bosnia and Herzegovina

AbstractThe purpose of this study was to evaluate stature in males from the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity in Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter BH) as well as the relationship between arm span as an alternative to estimating stature, which varies in different ethnic and racial groups. The nature and scope of this study analyse 193 male students (aged 20.84±2.08) from the University of Sarajevo and University of Mostar. Anthropometric...

The Influence of the Number of Players on Workload during Small-Sided Games among Elite Futsal Players

AbstractSmall-sided games are a specific form of training in which exercise intensity can be manipulated mainly by modifying external factors. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of a number of players during small sided futsal games on metabolic responses and distance covered at elite senior futsal players. Fifteen top level Czech futsal players (males, aged 26.81±5.30; body height = 176.10±4.34 cm; body weight = 71.31±5.30 kg,...

Systemic Mapping of High-Level Women’s Volleyball using Social Network Analysis: The Case of Attack Coverage, Freeball, and Downball

AbstractThis work analysed team sports as complex systems in which behavioural variables need to be taken into consideration when studying performance. Within this understanding, the use of Social Network Analysis constitutes a useful research path. As such, this research analysed two of the least studied game complexes: attack coverage and freeball and downball, in eight matches from the first Group Stage of the Women’s World Grand Prix 2015, comprising a...

Comparison of Standard and Newer Balance Tests in Recreational Alpine Skiers and Ski Novices

AbstractAlpine skiers should physically prepare for skiing due to the specific body movements it requires. As balance is essential for the success of competitive alpine skiers, we investigated its importance during preparation for alpine skiing in recreational skiers. We included 24 male participants; twelve recreational skiers just after 10 days of alpine skiing, and twelve alpine ski novices. All participants were tested with two balance tests (BAL40 and GYKO). Participants...

The Perception of the Autonomy Supportive Behaviour as a Predictor of Perceived Effort and Physical Self-esteem among School Students from Four Nations

AbstractGrounded in self-determination theory (SDT), this study tested a model of motivational sequence in which perceived autonomy support from teachers in a physical education (PE) context predicted the perceived effort and physical self-esteem via self-determined motivation in school students. School students aged 12 to 16 years from Estonia (N = 816), Lithuania (N = 706), Hungary (N = 664), and Spain (N = 922) completed measures of perceived autonomy support...

Acute Response of Some Iron Indices of Young Elite Wrestlers to Three Types of Aerobic, Anaerobic, and Wrestling Exercise

AbstractThe present study was conducted to investigate the acute responses of some iron indices of young elite wrestlers to three types of aerobic, anaerobic, and wrestling exercises. A total of 24 elite volunteer wrestlers were randomly categorized into three groups (n=8) aerobic, anaerobic, and routine wrestling exercises. The exercises were conducted during three non-consecutive sessions within one week. The aerobic exercises included 35 min of continuous running with 130 beats...

Accuracy and Criterion-Related Validity of the 20-M Shuttle Run Test in Well-Trained Young Basketball Players

AbstractThe purpose of the present study was to evaluate the specificity of a 20-m shuttle run test (SRT) as a measure of maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) in young well-trained basketball players. Thirty-four volunteers (mean ± SD; age 15.74 ± 1.23 years, height 187.61 ± 7.95 cm, body mass 74.09 ± 11.61 kg; training experience 6.30 ± 2.15 years) participated in the study. The 20-m shuttle run test was performed wearing...

Inter and Intra Positional Differences in Ball Kicking Between U-16 Croatian Soccer Players

AbstractThe main goal of this research was to determine inter and intra positional differences in ball kicking speed between U-16 Croatian soccer players. 44 young soccer players (15.7 ± 1.5 years) were tested with 8 specific soccer field tests that evaluate kicking velocity by using Pocket radar that was reading the ball velocity in km/h. The tests took place two days in a row; beginning at 8 A.M. Prior to...

Perceived Muscle Soreness, Functional Performance and Cardiovascular Responses to an Acute Bout of Two Plyometric Exercises

AbstractAlthough a few studies examined the effects of plyometric exercise on cardiovascular responses and symptoms of muscle damage, the data about the different types of plyometric exercise such as eccentric-based vs. concentric-based exercise is scarce. The purpose of the present investigation was to compare the effects of eccentric and concentric-based plyometric exercises on post-exercise systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), heart rate (HR) and symptoms of muscle damage. Nineteen...
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